The Seven Heavenly Virtues are also called: Seven Cardinal Virtues, The Infused Virtues and The Seven Holy Virtues.
They are divided in two fundamental groups. The first group, being Faith, Hope and Charity (Love), are called the Theological Virtues. They are called so because they have God not only for their end, but also for their object.
The apostle Paul mentions them in his first letter to the Corinthians:
“ And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love” - 1 Corinthians 13:13.
The second group is called The Cardinal Virtues or The Moral Virtues.
They also have God for their end, but they have created things for their object. Thus: how we shall best use these created things to bring us to God.
The four Cardinal Virtues are: Prudence, Justice, Temperance and Fortitude.
Let's start with the first infused Virtue, being Faith, which is the root of the whole supernatural life and a gift of God that makes us conscious of God's existence.
Hope is the Virtue infused in our souls by the Holy Spirit to help us rely on God, even when things become really difficult for us to deal with.
And Love, the Invisible Power behind every Saintly person! Without this Virtue we cannot keep up with our promises of Confirmation. This is the greatest of the three Theological Virtues.
The Moral Virtue of Prudence gives us the ability to judge between virtuous and vicious actions. With this virtue we are able to see what is the right thing to do!
The second of the Cardinal Virtues, Justice, is to help us treat our neighbor rightly. This virtue helps us use moderation in our actions.
And Temperance, the Virtue that helps us to be in control of our emotions, desires and passions. This helps us to know how important it is to behave correctly.
Last of the four Moral Virtues, Fortitude, is the virtue that helps us to persist to do righteous things, even when in danger of suffering or facing difficulty. This Virtue is also called Courage, because it gives us the capacity of not giving up!
While reading and learning about the Seven Heavenly Virtues, we must realize this:
For an infused Virtue to be put in action, thus, in order for us to realize the Virtuous Act, there is one thing that is absolutely necessary:
This is the previous motion of an Actual Grace, proceeding from the Holy Spirit of God.
This is why it's so important for us to have a rich Prayer Life! If we are generous with the time we dedicate to God in prayer and in praise, God will be over-generous in giving us His Seven Heavenly Virtues, together with all His Graces!